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Intermediate Key Ideas
Standard 1 Standard 2 Standard 3 Standard 4 Standard 5


Standard 3: Geography  Intermediate Grades 5-8

Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of the geography of the interdependent world in which we live—local, national, and global—including the distribution of people, places, and environments over the Earth’s surface.

Key Idea 1:  Geography can be divided into six essential elements which can be used to analyze important historic, geographic, economic, and environmental questions and issues. These six elements include: the world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical settings (including natural resources), human systems, environment and society, and the use of geography. (Adapted from The National Geography Standards, 1994: Geography for Life)
Performance Indicators:  This is evident when students                                                            

·          map information about people, places, and environments

·          understand the characteristics, functions, and applications of maps, globes, aerial and other photographs, satellite-produced images, and models (Taken from National Geography Standards, 1994)

·          investigate why people and places are located where they are located and what patterns can be perceived in these locations

·          describe the relationships between people and environments and the connections between people and places

Key Idea 2:  Geography requires the development and application of the skills of asking and answering geographic questions; analyzing theories of geography; and acquiring, organizing, and analyzing geographic information. (Adapted from: The National Geography Standards, 1994: Geography for Life)
Performance Indicators:  This is evident when students

·          formulate geographic questions and define geographic issues and problems

·          use a number of research skills (e.g., computer databases, periodicals, census reports, maps, standard reference works, interviews, surveys) to locate and gather geographical information about issues and problems (Adapted from National Geography Standards, 1994)

·          present geographic information in a variety of formats, including maps, tables, graphs, charts, diagrams, and computer-generated models

·          interpret geographic information by synthesizing data and developing conclusions and generalizations about geographic issues and problems