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Elementary K-4 Ideas
Standard 1 K-4 Standard 2 Standard 3 Standard 4 Standard 5


Standard 3:  Geography   Elementary  Grades K-4

Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of the geography of the interdependent world in which we live—local, national, and global—including the distribution of people, places, and environments over the Earth’s surface.

Key Idea 1:  Geography can be divided into six essential elements which can be used to analyze important historic, geographic, economic, and environmental questions and issues. These six elements include: the world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical settings (including natural resources), human systems, environment and society, and the use of geography. (Adapted from The National Geography Standards, 1994: Geography for Life)
Performance Indicators:  This is evident when students                                                            

·          study about how people live, work, and utilize natural resources

·          draw maps and diagrams that serve as representations of places, physical features, and objects

·          locate places within the local community, State, and nation; locate the Earth’s continents in relation to each other and to principal parallels and meridians (Adapted from National Geography Standards, 1994)

·          identify and compare the physical, human, and cultural characteristics of different regions and people (Adapted from National Geography Standards, 1994)

·          investigate how people depend on and modify the physical environment

Key Idea 2:  Geography requires the development and application of the skills of asking and answering geographic questions; analyzing theories of geography; and acquiring, organizing, and analyzing geographic information. (Adapted from: The National Geography Standards, 1994: Geography for Life)
Performance Indicators:  This is evident when students

·          ask geographic questions about where places are located; why they are located where they are; what is important about their locations; and how their locations are related to the location of other people and places (Adapted from National Geography Standards, 1994)

·          gather and organize geographic information from a variety of sources and display in a number of ways

·          analyze geographic information by making relationships, interpreting trends and relationships, and analyzing geographic data. (Adapted from National Geography Standards, 1994)